Shortly afterwards it was placed in a field

Shortly afterwards it was placed in a field

Parental leave and employer: prohibition of employment during maternity leave

During maternity leave in the period of six weeks before and eight weeks after the birth of the child, there is a general ban on employment. In certain professions, mothers have to take maternity leave even earlier. Parental leave usually begins after maternity leave.

Parental leave for employers: duration and application

The legal entitlement to parental leave applies up to the child’s third year of life and must be applied for in writing to the employer seven weeks in advance. Please note that in this application your employee must make a binding commitment to the structure of the parental leave for the first two years.

Additional obligations for employers during parental leave

If one of their employees goes on parental leave, employers must observe a number of formalities. This primarily includes the certificate of earned income for the calculation of parental allowance. According to the Federal Parental Allowance and Parental Leave Act, employers are obliged to issue this certificate.

For mothers who return to work immediately after maternity leave and for fathers on parental leave, employers must submit an interruption report to the employee’s health insurance company.

Parental allowance: Part-time parental leave: Benefits with income replacement function Parental allowance: Working during parental leave: How high is my entitlement? Parental allowance: Parental leave and vacation entitlement – it’s all down to the details Parental allowance: Parental leave: Health insurance for privately and legally insured persons Parental leave: Ever more attractive for fathers Maternity Protection Act: Protection against dismissal during pregnancy

Parental leave for employers: right to part-time

A right to part-time work with a maximum of 30 hours per week during parental leave only exists in companies with more than 15 employees. However, if part-time work is not possible for operational reasons, it can be refused by the employer.

Older fathers pass on an important genetic condition to their offspring in order to live longer: their children’s chromosomes have longer end caps than those of the offspring of very young fathers. This is what an American research team found out in a study in the Philippines.

Longer life thanks to late conception

The length of the end caps, the so-called telomeres, is an indicator of longevity and health in old age. This is because the chromosome end caps protect the genetic material from damage when cells divide, but they become shorter and shorter over the course of life. Offspring conceived late by their fathers start with longer telomeres from the start. This could bring long-term health benefits and also a longer life, the researchers report in the specialist journal “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences”.examples of community service

The effect extends over two generations

“The age of the father at conception affects telomere length for at least two generations,” write Dan Eisenberg of Northwestern University in Evanston and colleagues. Even if the grandfather had the father of the children late, but the father had his children early, the telomeres in these children were still elongated. Their chromosome end caps were just as long as those of the children “later” fathers, say the researchers. If both grandfather and father were late with conception, the two effects added. The effect of the extended telomeres is also the same for boys and girls.

According to the researchers, this intergenerational effect is biologically significant and could affect entire populations over time. If reproduction shifts further and further backwards, this could help people in societies with a generally high life expectancy and good medical care to stay healthy longer and longer in old age.

The cause lies in the sperm

The reason for this effect lies in the sperm, as the researchers report. While the telomeres in normal body cells get shorter with age, the opposite is true for sperm: their chromosome end caps are longer in older men than in younger ones. “Because men produce more than 100 million sperm every day, they must have particularly good maintenance mechanisms,” the scientists write. An enzyme in the testes ensures that the telomeres do not shorten, even though the sperm precursor cells divide extremely often. But why the end caps are even longer in older men is still unclear. The researchers say that it has now been proven that these longer telomeres are passed on to the grandchildren.

Age of the woman is not decisive

The researchers report that there is no age-related effect on women’s egg cells. Because with them all egg cells are already present at birth – they mature individually in the course of life. Since the egg cells no longer have to divide, they do not need any protection against shrinkage for their telomeres. As a result, mothers always pass on the same length of telomeres to their offspring regardless of their age.

Fertility: The biological clock is ticking for men too

For their investigation, the researchers analyzed blood samples from 1,779 children and their parents and grandparents as part of a larger study on the Philippines island of Cebu. They determined the length of the telomeres in the cells in the blood. The result: For every year that the father was older at conception, the telomeres in the child lengthened by about as much as is lost annually through cell division in middle age.

Those are the health risks

But having a child is not only associated with health benefits: with age, on the one hand, the male’s potency decreases, but above all his sperm quality also decreases. The latter in particular poses a significant health risk for children, as was found in an earlier study. Children with older fathers would suffer from cancer, heart defects, type 1 diabetes and multiple sclerosis more than the average. The risk of an autistic disorder also increases, by about a third with every additional decade of the father’s life. In addition, there is evidence that a quarter of schizophrenia illnesses can be traced back to the age of the father.

The freedom lasted only briefly: two hours after his release from prison, a 52-year-old went straight back to jail. Federal police had checked the ex-prisoner in Freilassing train station (Berchtesgadener Land district), according to a statement on Thursday. “The man was only able to produce documents that showed that he had only been released from an Austrian prison two hours earlier.” When comparing his personal details with the search system on Wednesday, the officials found that the judiciary in Germany was also looking for him with an arrest warrant for tax evasion. Therefore, we immediately went to a German prison. Previously, the 52-year-old received a complaint because he had a small amount of drugs in his backpack.

Bavaria has now also relaxed the quarantine rules for travelers: anyone coming to the Free State from EU and Schengen states as well as from Great Britain no longer has to go into quarantine at home since the weekend. “Bavaria has changed its regulation according to the federal-state agreements,” said a spokesman for the Ministry of Health in Munich on Monday. So far, people who came to Bavaria from a neighboring European country, for example, had to be quarantined for 14 days. This should contain the spread of the corona pandemic. Last week, the federal and state governments agreed on easing.

Federal Interior Minister Horst Seehofer and Bavaria’s Prime Minister Markus Söder (both CSU) are sticking to the plans for a gradual opening of the borders – but want to pull the emergency brake at any time in an emergency. The aim is to completely eliminate border controls after June 15, Seehofer confirmed on Monday at a joint meeting with Söder on the German-Austrian border in Freilassing near Salzburg. The prerequisites are further improvements in the infection process as well as continued discipline and caution.

Seehofer emphasized that one will now look closely at how the relaxation of the anti-corona measures in Austria and Bavaria affected the actual infection process. And one will continue to “always react based on the situation and risk,” said the minister.

Söder also said that if the corona infection numbers remained stable until June 15, then the controls would be further dismantled. If the numbers in a country jump up again, an emergency mechanism is needed, an “emergency brake” also at the borders. You will always be able to react again.

Seehofer emphasized that the border controls introduced in mid-March had played a major role in pushing back the pandemic. Since then there have been almost 150,000 rejections at the borders.

The controls at the borders with Austria, France and Switzerland are to continue until June 15. At the border with Austria, however, there are some reliefs for certain people.

The so-called Schengen area also includes non-EU countries such as Switzerland and Norway. The term goes back to an agreement between the states in the Luxembourg municipality of Schengen to abolish stationary border controls at internal borders.

In a chase with the police, a 34-year-old man injured five officers in Berchtesgadener Land. The man is said to have first stolen a car in a workshop in Freilassing, the police said on Friday.

With the car he fled around an hour from the police through the district on Thursday. When he reached a dead end, he continued to flee on foot. Shortly afterwards it was placed in a field. During the arrest, the man put up “considerable resistance” and, among other things, bit a policeman in the arm.

A total of five police officers were injured to a moderate degree. According to the information, they had to be treated in hospital and were initially no longer fit for duty. The 34-year-old was taken to a psychiatric clinic because of his “very confused impression”. He was supposed to be brought before a judge on Friday.

With four puppies without rabies vaccination in the trunk, a man wanted by an arrest warrant was stopped in Upper Bavaria. The 52-year-old did not pay fines for drunk driving and trespassing, the federal police said on Friday. But he did not go to prison: he was able to pay the 950 euros incurred on Thursday at the inspection in Freilassing (Berchtesgadener Land district).

Although he was reported for his violation of the Animal Welfare Act – but since he could also pay the 300 Euro security deposit on site, he was allowed to continue. The only eight-week-old puppies came to the Freilassing animal shelter, the investigators said.

A shisha bar operator in the Berchtesgadener Land, which is particularly affected by corona infections, has violated the applicable requirements considerably. When the police checked the bar in Freilassing, they found well over 100 guests – a maximum of 80 were allowed. In addition, the curfew imposed due to the high corona infections was not observed. “A hygiene concept was in place, but very few guests adhered to it. The 30-year-old operator also did not have a mandatory guest list,” said the Upper Bavaria South Police Headquarters on Sunday, describing the conditions during the inspection on Saturday evening.

The operator now expects a high fine. The Berchtesgadener Land district currently leads the corona statistics in the Free State. According to the latest data from the State Office for Health and Food Safety from Saturday, 149.16 new infections per 100,000 inhabitants were registered there in the past seven days. From the warning value of 50, stricter security regulations apply, for example a curfew from 10 p.m.

Around half a million euros in damage occurred in a fire in a bakery in Freilassing (Berchtesgadener Land district). According to the police, three people were slightly injured on Wednesday and were taken to a hospital for outpatient treatment.

The fire broke out in the downtown business and residential building on Tuesday evening. One person had to be rescued with a turntable ladder. The extinguishing work lasted several hours. The investigators suspect that a technical defect in an electrical device was the trigger for the fire. There is no evidence of arson.

While inspecting a supposedly deeper gulf on the Austrian-German border, the federal police came across ten refugees and their alleged smuggler. The federal police in Freilassing in Upper Bavaria announced on Monday that eleven of the women, men and children from Afghanistan were traveling in the car on Autobahn 8. Eight shared the four passenger seats, two traveled in the trunk across the border to Germany on Saturday. Except for the 20-year-old driver, nobody in the car had any identification papers with them. The federal police brought the ten refugees back to Austria.

The authorities are now investigating the 20-year-old Afghans for smuggling in foreigners. He has a permanent residence in Germany and is now at large again.

Federal Interior Minister Horst Seehofer and Bavaria’s Prime Minister Markus Söder (both CSU) are sticking to the plans for a gradual opening of the borders – but want to pull the emergency brake at any time in an emergency. The aim is to completely eliminate border controls after June 15, Seehofer confirmed on Monday at a joint meeting with Söder on the German-Austrian border in Freilassing near Salzburg. The prerequisites are further improvements in the infection process as well as continued discipline and caution.

Seehofer emphasized that one will now look closely at how the relaxation of the anti-corona measures in Austria and Bavaria affected the actual infection process. And one will continue to “always react based on the situation and risk,” said the minister.

Söder also said that if the corona numbers remained stable until June 15, then the controls would be further dismantled. However, if the numbers in a country jump up again, you need an emergency mechanism, an “emergency brake” also at the borders.

Share:

TOP

X